ALEXANDRIA: The courtyard of Fort Quaitbey, the Mediterranean Ocean and the other side of the Corniche are visible through a barred window within the fort.

ALEXANDRIA: View from the Eastern Harbour: in the distance, the Bibliotheca Alexandria is visible, a disk in the shape of a “second sun rising out of the Mediterranean” (Lonely Planet).

ALEXANDRIA: Intricate designs adorn the floor of the prayer area in the fort.

ALEXANDRIA: The colourful and lively roads of Alexandria reflect the city’s Mediterranean character, while much of the detailed architecture is testament to the city’s Greco-Roman origins. The Mediterranean is visible at the end of this road.

GIZA PLATEAU/PYRAMIDS: A policeman looks out over Cairo’s western suburbs (not visible) from a ridge on the Giza Plateau, near the Pyramids of Giza.

CAIRO: One of the oldest alleys in the Coptic quarter of Old Cairo.

CAIRO: The ceiling of Mohammed Ali’s Mosque in the Citadel of Salah-ad-Din (Saladin), which took 18 years to build.

CAIRO: Children play in front of an arch in Islamic Cairo, one of the oldest parts of the city.

CAIRO: In a souq (market), a horse-drawn cart evokes images of the days before mechanisation.

CAIRO: Local produce is sold at a market in the old quarter.

CAIRO: Stacks of watermelons, a popular thirst quencher in the hot summer months, await their buyers.

CAIRO: A crateful of rabbits awaiting their doom.

CAIRO: Backed by a colourful Bedouin tent not far from Sharia al-Khayamiyya, the Street of the Tentmakers, some vendors and their customer engage in the bartering that is inherent in Cairene trade.

CAIRO: An ironer shows how to do it ‘the old way’ in Zuqaq al-Midaqq.

CAIRO: The brightly coloured Bab Zuweila, the only remaining southern gate of medieval Cairo, marks the end of the Street of the Tentmakers. The minaret atop the gate belong to the Mosque of al-Mu’ayyad (Lonely Planet).

CAIRO: Rows of brightly coloured Egyptian scarves for sale.

CAIRO: As seen from the Citadel of Saladin, Cairo’s City of the Dead (Northern Cemetery) is spread out, dotted with mosques and the occasional high-rises (click for enlargement).

CAIRO: This view from the top of the Cairo Tower at sunset shows the Corniche and some houseboats, the Nile, the Nile island of Zamalek, and in the distance the pyramids of Giza.